One of the most common types of dental problems that people of all ages get are cavities. They can appear in 3 different variations, which can eventually lead to pain if the problem is ignored. Once you understand how these three kind of cavities are different from each other, you will have a better chance of preventing them from occurring to you.

What Causes A Cavity?

The cause of cavities isn't always due to eating sugary foods and candy, thought they can play a significant role. Cavities can form due to defects on the surface of a tooth or a deep cut within a molar. Even regular brushing may not be enough to prevent cavities, because you need to keep your mouth hydrated to prevent bacteria from forming in the crevices of a tooth.

3 Kind of Cavities

Smooth Surface Cavity

A common cavity that you may experience is a smooth surface cavity. Thankfully, they are easily preventable because of how slow they will grow. They are more common in the teeth of children, and are identifiable by the small white spots along the tooth surface where bacteria is slowly breeding and eating away at the enamel of the tooth.

Properly brushing your teeth is the best thing you can do to prevent the bacteria from creating an actual cavity.

Root Cavity

A root cavity is more common in middle aged adults. This is because a root cavity forms on the area of a tooth that is exposed due to receding gums. Anybody that has gingivitis or another form of gum disease has a higher risk of developing root cavities. It can be difficult to identify a root cavity because it is close to your gum line, though they develop from not properly cleaning your gums.

The most effective way to prevent a root cavity is to brush your teeth with the bristles slightly over your gum line to agitate any bacteria that is stuck in there.

Pit Cavity

As the name implies, a pit cavity will form deep within a molar's cup. Bacteria in this part of a tooth will quickly form into a cavity, which is why they are so common compared to smooth surface and root cavities. A pit cavity can be much more painful as well.

If pit cavities are a problem with your teeth, be sure to pay special attention to your rear molars and use a toothbrush with fine bristles. You are less likely to give rear molars as thorough of a brushing as the teeth near the front of your mouth if you are rushing through your oral hygiene routine.

Talk to your family dentist about oral health care and cavity prevention. 

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